Read Œuvres Complètes 4 by Molière Free Online
Book Title: Œuvres Complètes 4|
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 934 KB
ISBN 13: 9782080700704
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Reader ratings: 4.3
The author of the book: Molière
Edition: Editions Flammarion
Date of issue: January 1st 1994
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Baladin désinvolte, créateur fantastique, comédien-né aux moeurs dissolues, prince du rire et de la satire, celui qui dérangeait du temps de son vivant serait sans doute surpris de s'entendre désigner comme le "plus grand homme de théâtre que la France ait jamais compté". Mais ce n'est que justice, car oubliées les tumultueuses conditions qui entouraient la création de chacune de ses pièces, il nous reste une oeuvre incroyablement riche et moderne, qui surprend sans cesse et demeure indépassable.
Cette édition du théâtre complet de Molière nous donne l'occasion de replonger dans les textes et de goûter encore le sel des comédies, la truculence des farces et la grandeur de ses pièces les plus noires, comme Tartuffe, Le Misanthrope ou Dom Juan. Au théâtre complet s'ajoutent enfin quelques poésies de circonstance, composées le plus souvent pour le roi, qui achèvent avec pertinence ce vaste panorama moliéresque. Une édition indispensable pour tous les amoureux du théâtre. --Karla Manuele
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Read information about the authorJean-Baptiste Poquelin, also known by his stage name, Molière, was a French playwright and actor who is considered one of the greatest masters of comedy in Western literature. Among Molière's best-known dramas are Le Misanthrope, (The Misanthrope), L'Ecole des femmes (The School for Wives), Tartuffe ou l'Imposteur, (Tartuffe or the Hypocrite), L'Avare ou l'École du mensonge (The Miser), Le Malade imaginaire (The Imaginary Invalid), and Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme (The Bourgeois Gentleman).
From a prosperous family and having studied at the Jesuit Clermont College (now Lycée Louis-le-Grand), Molière was well suited to begin a life in the theatre. Thirteen years as an itinerant actor helped to polish his comic abilities while he also began writing, combining Commedia dell'Arte elements with the more refined French comedy.
Through the patronage of a few aristocrats including the brother of Louis XIV, Molière procured a command performance before the King at the Louvre. Performing a classic play by Pierre Corneille and a farce of his own, Le Docteur amoureux (The Doctor in Love), Molière was granted the use of Salle du Petit-Bourbon at the Louvre, a spacious room appointed for theatrical performances. Later, Molière was granted the use of the Palais-Royal. In both locations he found success among the Parisians with plays such as Les Précieuses ridicules (The Affected Ladies), L'École des maris (The School for Husbands) and L'École des femmes (The School for Wives). This royal favour brought a royal pension to his troupe and the title "Troupe du Roi" (The King's Troupe). Molière continued as the official author of court entertainments.
Though he received the adulation of the court and Parisians, Molière's satires attracted criticisms from moralists and the Church. Tartuffe ou l'Imposteur (Tartuffe or the Hypocrite) and its attack on religious hypocrisy roundly received condemnations from the Church while Don Juan was banned from performance. Molière's hard work in so many theatrical capacities began to take its toll on his health and, by 1667, he was forced to take a break from the stage. In 1673, during a production of his final play, Le Malade imaginaire (The Imaginary Invalid), Molière, who suffered from pulmonary tuberculosis, was seized by a coughing fit and a haemorrhage while playing the hypochondriac Argan. He finished the performance but collapsed again and died a few hours later. In his time in Paris, Molière had completely reformed French comedy.
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